Ordinary Time 2017
Dear Brothers and Sisters in the Episcopal Church,
If you're like me, there's a word you've been singing incorrectly every All Saints' Day.
In stanza 2 of William Walsham How's brilliant hymn "For all the saints", the The Hymnal 1982 appears to be in error.
Most hymnals have it as:
"thou, in the darkness drear, their one true Light."
But the Hymnal 1982 renders it "the one true Light."
I hesitate to point this out to everyone, except, wait, no I don't.
And on one of the Principal Feast Days of the Episcopal Church, it behooves us to get it right. Doesn't it?
So, what does it matter? "The one true light" versus "their one true light"?
It seems to me that given a choice most Episcopalians would vastly prefer the second phrase!
But the words appear as "the one true light" not only in the Hymnal 1982 but also in its predecessor, the Hymnal 1940. You can also find the same phrase in the Hymnal 1916.
In the Hymnal 1871 it was rendered "the Light of light". This was about seven years after the hymn was first published.
It is in the successor to the 1871 book, the Hymnal 1892, that the change to "the one true Light" first appears in an Episcopal hymnal (view it here).
So why the reason for the change? Was this a mistake that was made in 1892 and never corrected?
And what were Bishop How's original words anyway? Hymns seem to take a while to "settle" sometimes. It's worth noting that the familiar Christmas hymn "Hark! the herald angels sing" emerged from Charles Wesley's pen with the almost unrecognizable first line "HARK how all the Welkin rings".
Despite the text given within the body of the Wikipedia article for this hymn, "For All the Saints", it seems likely to me that the original phrase was "Light of light." (The image accompanying the article includes this phrase).
A cursory examination of images on Hymnary.org reveals that at mid-century, most hymnals were split between "Light of light" and "their one true light"
In any case, the phrase "the one true light" in Episcopal hymnals since 1892 seems to be an outlier.
As we approach the "Hymnal 2024" do we want to choose the older phrase, "their Light of light", the more ubiquitous "their one true light", or simply preserve the uniquely Episcopal "the one true light"?
What do you think? Discuss.
I've surely heard this hymn in recording dozens of times, but it wasn't until hearing the broadcast of this week's Evensong from Salisbury Cathedral that I really noticed the discrepancy.
Announcement from King's College: New Christmas Eve carol announced
Biography at Schott Music, if you're like me you'll need to click "Language" to translate
I've mentioned him on this blog a number of times in the past.
He was a brilliant man. I always have the sense that I should be reading more of his work than I have to date, and in this his centennial year, I am resolving to do so.
In the meantime, I share with you this passage which I believe comes from Church Music and the Christian Faith:
The [church musician] is to exorcize as far as possible divisive attitudes and thoughts, and to celebrate that which is really the common music of as many kinds of people as possible. This is not pop or trendy music; it is not ephemeral, posturing music. It is precisely the "Old Hundredth," "Ye Holy Angels Bright" and "For All the Saints"–nobody need claim to be too cultured to respect those, and nobody does claim to be too uneducated to enjoy them. In choral and organ music, the trained musician knows where to find authenticity whether it is English Anglican, German baroque, verse-anthem, Howells, Britten, or the fine clear stream that is flowing through modern American music. The musician must not yield to pressure and set aside his knowledge and the conscience and discernment he or she has developed. Blessed, remember, are not the peace lovers, but the peacemakers.
Beloved in Peanuts, as we await the festival of the Great Pumpkin,
let us prepare ourselves so that we may be shown its true meaning.
Let us hear, in comic strips from Charles Schulz,
how Linus foretold
that the Great Pumpkin would visit and reward his waiting people,
in a pumpkin patch of great sincerity.
Let us rejoice in our Pumpkin Carols and hymns,
that the good purpose of the Great Pumpkin is being mightily fulfilled.
From a fragment of a Bidding Prayer for the Great Pumpkin, late twentieth century, author unknown
Every three years, on Proper 24 of Year A of the Revised Common Lectionary, church musicians have the chance to sing the marvelous setting of the Gospel by Estonian composer Arvo Pärt (b. 1935): his SATB anthem Tribute to Caesar.
This anthem has a lot to recommend it. And the effect can be really haunting and beautiful if it comes together just right.
There's something so tender about the "and they brought unto him a penny". Should that part be tender? I don't know. It is though. I get a little emotional about it. But I digress.
The anthem sets the words of the Gospel of Matthew from which comes the oft-paraphrased "render unto Caesar what is Caesar's".
But that's not the part I noticed in the office today. Doing a final check of the service leaflet with the King James Version of Matthew 22:15-22 I noticed a discrepancy in verse 19.
Pärt apparently added an extra "of" in verse 19. His version reads "Shew me the tribute of money". The King James Version reads "Shew me the tribute money" (no of).
The Universal Edition of the score unhelpfully duplicates this inaccurate text on the inside cover.
I can make no sense of the errant word, and assume that it is a mistake.
This is easy enough to fix, and I'll be making the alteration in rehearsal tomorrow night.
I know I'm not the only one conducting this on Sunday, so I just thought others might want to be aware!
You can hear the typo quite clearly here. Start at 3 minutes 12 seconds in for the phrase in question
15 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk. 16 And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men. 17 Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? 18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? 19 Shew me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. 20 And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? 21 They say unto him, Caesar’s. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s. 22 When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.
I know that everyone in the world has probably seen this video of Jacob Collier describing "negative harmony", but I just stumbled upon it.
Maybe I'm just overly excited about the return of the Netflix show Stranger Things, but I can't help but think about negative harmony as being the harmony of the upside down.
I think the concept is utterly fascinating, and I think I need to apply this to organ improvisation post haste!
I want to start talking about Lent. Yes, already!
Seems early, doesn't it? But here's what I'm thinking:
It was only in the days leading up to Ash Wednesday 2017 that I decided to attempt to compile a collaborative Lenten devotional on hymns.
We called it Songs in the Desert, and the project was such a big success last year that I want to re-imagine this project for 2018.
This year, with more lead time, I want to ask for more submissions to create another collaborative podcast that would serve as a Lenten reflection around hymns.
I could see that there was tremendous interest in what we were doing, and I thought that with a little more notice we could sustain the project for the full season of Lent.
Who: You! If you're reading this, you should probably just go ahead and sign up. If you submitted a reflection last year, I hope you'll submit again.
When: Lent begins on Ash Wednesday, February 14, 2018. Hey, that's Valentine's Day! (More on this in a minute.) Beginning on Ash Wednesday I'd like to have reflections to send out for every weekday before Palm Sunday.
What: A short reflection on a hymn. It can be any hymn you want. Because Ash Wednesday is Valentine's Day, I thought it would fun if the theme was "Love" (but is that too cheesy?). Did you know the word "love" appears 867 times in hymns of the Hymnal 1982?. You can address this theme any way you want. If your chosen hymn is about God it's probably about love (because God is love, right?).
Where: I'll post updates on the project on this blog and at Sinden.org/hymns. The podcast is still live on iTunes, so new episodes will start showing up there too.
Why: Because it will be fun! Because hearing each other's stories about hymns changes the way we sing, hear, and pray them. Because Lent is a great time to examine our faith, and a close reading of hymns can help us do just that.
Thanks for your interest in this year's Songs in the Desert project, and I hope you'll sign up to submit a reflection in 2018!
Songs in the Desert is a Sinden Production of Anglican Media (SPAM)
It was my great privilege to drop in at the Episcopal Diocese of Missouri Annual Communications Conference this afternoon.
While I was preparing my presentation, I happened to watch the latest Apple Keynote which was held at Apple's new Steve Jobs Theater. The new theater was dedicated with a video tribute to Jobs. In that video there is a recording of Jobs himself:
... one of the ways that I believe people express their appreciation to the rest of humanity is to make something wonderful and put it out there. And you never meet the people, you never shake their hands, you never hear their story or tell yours. But somehow in the act of making something with a great deal of care and love, something's transmitted there. And it's a way of expressing to the rest of our species, our deep appreciation. So we need to be true to who we are. And remember what's really important to us.
I read this at the close of my presentation today. Because I like what he says. But more than that: for those of us who work in the church, I think we can actually outdo Jobs here.
I have so much admiration for my colleagues who are bona fide church communicators. I sort of lurk on the Episcopal Communicators Facebook page, but I still don't feel like I can consider myself a real communicator. But I enjoy learning about and trying my hand at this job of communicating the messages of our church and the Church.
The communicators I have known take great pride in their work and especially in making "something wonderful." Maybe it's that month's newsletter, or the weekly email, or a new pew card, or even a brand new parish website. Could it even be a podcast? Whatever it is, the act of creation is a Christian act. We are co-creators with God.
In this way I think communicators have a lot in common with church musicians: we both strive to create "something wonderful."
But as Christian creators, our thinking is at once more expansive and more specific than Jobs's.
Jobs was creating products for an immense market. In our parish contexts, the scale is a bit more manageable, and we do hear from many the people with whom we communicate.
We also want to hear their stories and get their stories and songs out there – isn't the web a marvelous platform for this?
Hymn reference: speaking of stores and song, I just started humming "This is my story, this is my song" from the hymn "Blessed assurance". See Hymn 184 in Lift Every Voice and Sing II.
And we certainly want to tell our story as the Church.
For more along these lines, I highly recommend Madeleine L'Engle's Walking on Water: Reflections on Faith and Art.
The birthday celebrations have begun! English organist and composer Francis Jackson will turn 100 on Monday, October 2.
With Heart and Voice, the organ and church music program from WXXI in Rochester, N.Y., begins the celebration with this week's episode, "Comes Autumn Time." The program include Jackson's hymn tune EAST ACKLAM and his Benedicite in G.
Episcopalians have this lovely tune at their disposal at Hymn 424 in the Hymnal 1982.
So often we see a birth date like (b. 1917) in this Hymnal, published over thirty years ago, and mentally assume that the person must have passed on. Not so with Francis Jackson!
Last night, a young chorister asked me if the author of the hymn, Fred Pratt Green was still living. The hymnal notes his birth year as 1903. Green died in 2000.
At St. Peter's, St. Louis, we will sing his marvelous anthem "Lo, God is here" this Sunday. Jackson composed this anthem for the Oxford anthology Anthems for Choirs 1, which he edited. I love this little anthem and its raw, visceral energy.
The anthem is acrobatic. There are no fewer than four key changes. The harmonic twists and turns sound unexpected but are not terribly difficult to manage. There are no fewer than four key changes in this short anthem! I find the consecutive upward leaps of a major seventh at the words "To thee may all our thoughts arise" particularly compelling and memorable.
Anthems for Choirs 1 is out of print, and used copies are cost-prohibitive for choirs that do not already own them, like the Choir of St. Peter's, St. Louis. Luckily, an Oxford "archive print" is available through Banks Music. It is a legally available facsimile of what appears in Anthems for Choirs (the first page is numbered 88).
We'll sing Hymn 424 and hear a bit of his organ music next Sunday.
And I think it's time to dust off his lovely Magnificat and Nunc dimittis in G, too.
Update, 3 October 2017: Pipedreams episode 1740, "Music for a Long While" also celebrates the Jackson centenary. The program is a good mix of Jackson's composition, performance, and includes some of the York Minster choir under his direction.
At rehearsal tonight someone asked a question about Hymn 307 in the Hymnal 1982: is it supposed to be "thou art here" or "thou are here?". The hymnal prints it both ways at the conclusion of stanza 2.
There are little inconsistencies like this all through the hymnal. Some are musical, some are textual. Some occur in early editions but are fixed in later ones. But it's like a big scavenger hunt figuring out where they are and what the correct answers are.
Isn't it time we had a centralized location for all these things we've learned about this hymnal in its 32 year history?
I think so.
That's why I hope you'll join me in helping to create a Hymnal 1982 Errata.
What mistakes have you found? What do other Episcopal choirs (and congregations, ack!) need to know about?
Let's work together on a list.
It will live as a Google Document until we feel like it might be ready for more formal distribution.
Please add your suggestions in the comments below, or send me an email (firstname.lastname@example.org)
You can view the current version of the document here: Hymnal 1982 Errata (Google Doc)
Labels: Hymnal 1982
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Full daintily it is dight.
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And fountain pens.